What is Kant’s position? 康德的立場是什麼?

29 Mar 2017


康德抱怨自從純粹理性出版以來他一直被誤解。他認為唯有對他的理論有一個全面的理解方能對他的觀點做出解釋,而在兩年前,唯一的共識只是康德是一個重要的哲學家。本文考慮兩主要的可能性:表徵主義,也即關於主體通過正確的表徵認知世界的觀點,和所謂的哥白尼式革命。幾乎所有人都會說到康德的哥白尼式革命,但是卻極少討論。本論文將論證康德表明了表徵主義是不可能的理論,原因是我們無法表明我們如何正確地表徵,因為我們無法知道獨立于心智的物體。既然這一進路是失敗的,那麼它就不可能是康德的觀點。進一步,本文將解釋康得的觀點是這麼一種表述,既然我們無法知道獨立于心智的物體,我們所能知道的只是我們構造出來的。本文將解釋在這一文本中構造是什麼意思。

Kant complained about the reception of the Critique of Pure Reason that he was misunderstood. He suggested that for anyone who had the idea of the whole theory, it was easy to interpret his view. More than two years later the only agreement is that Kant is an important thinker. This paper considers two main possibilities: representationalism, or the view that the subject knows the world through its correct representation, and what is called the Copernican Revolution. Everyone mentions the Copernican Revolution but it is rarely discussed. The paper argues that Kant shows that representationalism is an impossible theory. The reason is that we cannot show that, since we cannot know mind-independent objects, we correctly represent. Since this approach fails, that cannot be Kant’s view. The paper further explains that Kant’s view is a form of the claim that, since we cannot know mind-independent objects, we can rather know objects that we construct. The paper explains what construction means in such circumstances.

Speaker: Thomas Rockmore

Beijing University and Duquesne University

Time: Thursday, March 30th, 14:30-15:45

Venue: E21-1021(L)

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