Tian Xia Da Tong – Harmony Under Heaven 天下大同

22 Mar 2017

天下大同呈現出一個非常務實的,社會的,人本位的轉變。它強調了我們的政治結構實際上是從最基本的家庭關係延伸而來。根據這一解讀,人是投浸在一個以個人的道德修身為中心點的具體而固有的世界觀之中。值得注意的是,這一思想不是只空談理想,而是致力於考慮應該在一個社會中推行多少的道義。通過思考教育與經濟福利,該思想規劃出一種能夠在實際生活中實施仁政的儒家政府模式。本文先討論仁作為人的基本本體論特徵, 進而討論其在五倫之中的呈現。為了實現五倫,當先正名,所謂正名,也即每個社會個體,與生俱來的義務便是遵循他(她)所在的綱常。唯有如此,和諧的政府才有可能。只有做到這些,人類才能齊身于天道的恒常和大地的慷慨,也只有由合乎道義的人組成的世界,才能最終實現天下大同。

Tian Xia Da Tong (Harmony Under Heaven) takes on a very practical, social, and anthropocentric turn. It underscores that our political structure is actually an extension of the most basic familial relations. In this narrative on Chinese thought, one is immersed into a very concrete-immanent worldview that centers on the theme of individual moral cultivation. It is interesting to note that it does not leave the reader with empty proverbs and idealism about moral cultivation but attempts to account for the background of how such moralism is nurtured within a society. By considering issues that center on education and economic welfare, it sketches out the very Confucian manifestations of a benevolent government capable of supporting practical life. The discussion starts with the virtue of Ren as the basic ontological character of human existence and proceeds in discussing how this is manifested within the Wu Lu (Five Core Relationships). At the heart of this is the principle of Zheng Ming (Rectification of Names), which provides the injunction that every individual by virtue of his/her being a vital member of society is born with the responsibility to live up with his/her social appellation because it is only through this that a harmonious government can be actualized. Fulfilling thus, humans equal themselves with the constancy of Heaven and the generosity of the Earth. Such a world of moral humans brings about harmony under heaven.

Speaker: Alfredo P. Co (University of Santo Tomas, Philippines)
Date: 28 March 2017 (Tuesday)
Time: 14:30 – 16:00
Venue: E4-G053
Language: English



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