Databases


AFRICA

1. Chile

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

2. Columbia

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

One should pass an oral test at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The exam assesses the applicant’s knowledge of Spanish, the Colombian constitution, and basic information about the country.

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

3. Egypt

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

No language test but one should be acquainted with/proficient in the Arabic language.

(For more information: Website 1, Website 2, Website 3)

Citizenship

Language test: noA citizenship test and an interview are both required.

One should be acquainted with/proficient in the Arabic language.

(For more information: Website 1, Website 2, Website 3)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

4. El Salvador

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

5. Honduras

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

All the documents should be translated into Spanish language.

(For more information: Website)

CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Website 1, Website 2)
AsylumDID NOT FIND ANY INFORMATION ABOUT ASYLUM.

 

6. South Africa

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

All the documents should be translated into one of the official languages of the Republic, where applicable, and certified as a correct translation by a sworn translator at the expense of the applicant.

(For more information: Website p16, p53)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

Proof of language proficiency must be attached with the application for naturalization as well as the completed language test form.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no 

Two interviews are needed.

(For more information: Website)

 

Asia

7. Bangladesh

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

One of the possibilities to apply for Bangladesh citizenship is that he/she should obtain a certificate of naturalization. One of the requirements is that: the applicant should have adequate knowledge of Bengali.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

Bangladesh domestic laws that define who is a refugee, but there are registration and needs assessments provided by multilateral organizations, such as UNHCR and IOM.

(For more information: Website 1, Website 2)

 

8. Cambodia

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

9. China

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

Only under the following conditions, one is considered to be granted Permanent residence:

Persons who invest in China

Employees

Specialists with proofs of awards and certificates

Spouse and child/children under 18 of the persons meeting one of the abovementioned situations.

Spouse of Chinese nationals

Child/children of Chinese nationals

Relatives of Chinese nationals

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: no

In addition to obeying the Constitution and the Laws of the People’s Republic of China, one needs to meet one of the following criteria:

be close relatives of Chinese national.

live in China

have other justifications

However, the requirements according to the China National immigration administration website are very vague, and only the Chinese version is provided.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

Refugee status determination for those coming to Mainland China is conducted by UNHCR.

In HKSAR, any refugees and asylum-seekers are generally not entitled to legal residency or the right to work.

In Macau, Macao Refugee Commission has been responsible for registering asylum claims and conducting refugee status determination, with the UNHCR on-hand to provide technical expertise and support on request.

(For more information: Website)

 

10. India

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

Different visa requirements towards different nations:

Japanese and South Korean,

Pakistan nationals,

Afghan nationals,

Citizens Of SAARC Countries (Afghanistan. Bangladesh. Bhutan. India. Maldives. Nepal. Pakistan. Sri Lanka.),

Nepalese Passengers,

Bhutanese Passengers.

Exemption from visa:

The Maldivians who want to visit India for a period of fewer than 90 days and only for the tourism purpose, don’t need to get Visa.

Nepal and Bhutan nationals if entering India by land or air from the Nepal or Bhutan border respectively do not require a passport for entering into India.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

The applicants should:

provide two language certificates certifying the applicants “have an adequate knowledge of languages specified in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution”.

Provide two newspapers notifying his/ her intention to apply for citizenship in the prescribed language.

There are 22 languages highlighted in total:

Bengali, Bodo, Dogri,

Gujarati: ILTS Target Language Proficiency—Gujarati (unofficial one)Study Guide;

Hindi: The ACTFL Assessment of Performance toward Proficiency in Languages (AAPPL)(not official); Central Institute of Hindi.

Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi,

Sanskrit: Cambridge IGCSE Sanskrit

Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.

No official language certificates have been found, but there are lots of certificate courses and programs provided by the official university: Modern Indian language program in Uni of Delhi.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

Registration and an individual interview are needed and conducted by UNHCR India.

(For more information: Website)

 

11. Indonesia

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

No official requirement about language, but Wikipedia claims the applicant needs to speak the Indonesian language.

(For more information: Website1, Website2)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview under the Refugee Status Determination (RSD) procedure is needed.

However, Indonesia is also not a signatory to the 1951 United Nations refugee convention, and it only allows refugees to wait in the country as their cases are examined by the United Nations.

(For more information: Website1, Website2, Website3)

 

12. Israel

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website1, Website2)
Citizenship

Language test: no

No language test but one needs to speak Hebrew at some level.

(For more information: Website1, Website2)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed but the applicant can choose the language used.

(For more information: Website)

 

13. Japan

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

One can get bonus when applying for Permanent Residence:

15 points for foreign nationals applying for highly-skilled foreign professionals

Ø  Japanese-Language Proficiency Test (JLPT)-level N1

Sample test

Ø  Business Japanese Proficiency Test (BJT)-score of 480 points or higher

Sample test

10 points for other foreign nationals

Ø  Japanese-Language Proficiency Test (JLPT)-level N2

Sample test

Ø  Business Japanese Proficiency Test (BJT)-score of 400 points or higher

Sample test

(For more information: Point Evaluation Mechanism, JLPT, BJT)

Citizenship

Language test: no

No language test but one needs to:

Write Japanese to justify your reason to be a citizen, describe other situations as required.

Conduct an interview at the Legal Affairs Bureau

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

14. Kuwait

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

Kuwaiti nationality may be granted to any person of full age satisfying conditions in terms of language proficiency that he/she has knowledge of the Arabic language.

(For more information: Website 1, Website 2)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

15. Malaysia

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: noNo language test but the applicant for citizenship by naturalization needs to have an adequate knowledge of the Malay language.

(For more information: Website; Constitution of Malaysia – WIPO )

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

16. Myanmar

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

An applicant for naturalized citizenship shall have the following qualifications:

be able to speak well one of the national languages.

The national languages of Myanmar include: Myanmar (Burmese), Sino-Tibetan, Austro-Asiatic, Tai–Kadai, Indo-European, Austronesian, and Hmong–Mien.

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

17. Pakistan

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Naturalization Act, Website)
Asylum

Language test: noAll the asylum-seekers need to be examined under UNHCR’s refugee status determination procedure.

(For more information: Website)

 

18. Philippines

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

No language test but the answers for the documents must be in English.

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

19. Qatar

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

Any non-Qatari may acquire Qatari nationality should provide that one has good knowledge of the Arabic language.

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website, Website)

 

20. Singapore

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

For those who are Permanent Residences studying in Singapore; and have been residing in Singapore for more than 3 years (of which, at least one year as a PR), they need to pass at least one national exam or be in an immigration program.

The national exams in Singapore include:

PSLE(ENG)

GCE N(T)-Level-(ENG)

GCE N(A)-Level-(ENG)

GCE O-Level-(ENG)

GCE A-Level-(ENG)

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

Singapore is not a State party to the 1951 Convention, so there is no domestic legal framework for the protection of refugees and asylum-seekers.

However, Singapore provides a short-term visa for those seeking for the social visit or medical treatment.

Reference:

UNHCR Submission on Singapore: UPR 24th Session, June 2015, available at: Website

(For more information: Website, Website2)

 

21. Korea

 

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

Applicants for naturalization must take the Comprehensive Assessment for Naturalization- The Comprehensive Assessment of the Korea Immigration and Integration Program (KIIP)

Sample test items

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

(For more information: Website)

 

22. Sri Lanka

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Website, Website)
Asylum

Language test: no

An interview under the Refugee Status Determination (RSD) procedure is needed.

(For more information: Website, Website)

 

23. Taiwan

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

Any one of the following conditions shall be recognized as having basic language abilities and general knowledge of the rights and duties of ROC citizens:

Has proof that he/she has studied in a domestic public or private school for at least one year.

Has proof that he/she has participated for a certain number of hours, as specified below, in an educational program offered by government agencies.

Has proof that he/she has passed the test for basic language abilities and general understanding of the rights and duties of naturalized ROC citizens (hereinafter the “naturalization test”).

The naturalization test:

Administration: walk-in basis or scheduled exams

Test form:

The naturalization test can be taken in either oral or written form. Test takers may choose one or the other in accordance with the following:

1) oral test: answers to the questions may be given in one of the following—Mandarin, Taiwanese Hokkien, Hakka, or an indigenous language.

2)The written test: multiple choice questions are to be completed in Mandarin.

Contents:

Ø  The questions are mostly daily life scenario-based.

Ø  They are all randomly chosen from the naturalization test question base.

Ø  Each test will be made up of 20 questions.

Scoring:

5 points for one question. 100 points in total; 70 points or above is required.

Sample test items

(For more information: Website1,Website2, Website3)

Asylum

Language test: no

Taiwan does not have a domestic protection framework for refugees and asylum seekers. And a national refugee law bill has been developed slowly and never been enforced since its proposal in 2005.

(For more information: Website)

 

24. Thailand

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

But an understanding of the Thai language is another factor that can count in your favor.

(For more information: Website 1, Website 2)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

One needs to:

appear at the Interior Ministry for a Thai language test

come back to the Thai Ministry and sing the Thai National Anthem and the King´s song Phra Baramee

be interviewed

Sample items: Thai language test

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

25. United Arab Emirates

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

One of the requiems for potential foreigners to obtain citizenship is that be proficient in Arabic language.

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

26. Vietnam 

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

Foreign nationality and stateless persons who are residing in Vietnam and apply for the Vietnamese nationality may be granted Vietnamese nationality if they fully meet the following conditions:

Knowing the Vietnamese language sufficiently enough to integrate themselves into the social community of Vietnam

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

Australasia

27. Australia

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

PTE Academic

TOEFL

IELTS: The minimum IELTS band requirement for Australia immigration and PR is 6.0 in all four abilities.

(For more information: PTE Academic, TOEFL, IELTS)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

An interview and a citizenship test in English language are both needed.

Content of the citizenship test:

a basic knowledge of the English language

an understanding of what it means to become an Australian citizen

an adequate knowledge of Australia and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship

Sample test items: Website

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

But an interview may be needed.

One might be asked about:

your situation, including why you are applying for a humanitarian visa

your family

information you provided in your application

(For more information: Website)

 

28. Fiji

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

English language ability is needed.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

Proof of knowledge of the English language is needed.

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

29. New Zealand

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

Applicants must be able to reach an overall band score of at least 6.5 in the IELTS General or Academic Module.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: noOne needs to be able to hold a basic conversation in English to get NZ citizenship.

No test but an interview may be needed.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: noNo test but refugee children will be taught English language.

(For more information: Website)

 

Europe

30. Austria

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

For certain residence: GER A1 level

For immigration: at least GER A2 level

For Austrian citizenship application: at least GER B2 level

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

One needs to have the proof of German ability and pass the citizenship test.

German language ability: GER B1 level

Citizenship test:

The Austrian Citizenship Act outlines that persons who want to become Austrian citizens have to meet certain standard requirements such as knowledge of the democratic system and history of Austria and the province where the applicant has her/his primary residence.

Learning materials: Website

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

During the interviews, you should always be provided with an interpreter that fluently speaks your language.

(For more information: Website)

 

31. Belgium

 

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: maybe

According to the national law in Belgium, 5 years continuous and uninterrupted work in Belgium is counted as proof of language.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: maybe

According to the national law in Belgium, 5 years continuous and uninterrupted work in Belgium is counted as proof of language.

And sometimes proficiency in Dutch or French is required for the final step in the process to receive citizenship and passport from Belgium.

(For more information: Website 1, Website 2)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

Asylum seekers must indicate irrevocably and in writing whether they request the assistance of an interpreter, in case their knowledge of Dutch or French is not sufficient.

(For more information: Website)

 

32. Bosnia

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

A permanent residence permit shall be issued to an alien on the following conditions:

knows one of the languages and alphabets in official use.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: no

One can request for acquisition of the citizenship of Bosnia may by naturalization if he or she fulfils the following conditions:

He or she has knowledge of one of the languages of the Bosnia constituent people.

Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian are the three official languages.

Reference: Law on Citizenship of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed by the Department for Asylum Procedure.

(For more information: Website)

 

33. Czech

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

A mandatory requirement of the permanent residence application is a Czech language exam certificate.

(For more information: Website)

Czech Language Certificate Exam: CCE

Citizenship

Language test: yes

The Czech Republic requires foreigners wishing to obtain Czech citizenship to demonstrate, on top of their knowledge of the Czech language at a B1 level, knowledge of the basic facts about the Czech Republic via a Czech Life and Institutions Exam.

Sample test items: Website (in Czech)

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

34. Denmark

 

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

One must have passed the Danish language test 2 (Prøve i Dansk 2) or a Danish language test of an equivalent or higher level.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

One needs to:

have Danish language skills by a certificate of the Danish 3 Examination (European level B2) or a similar exam, including the Danish school-leaving exams.have knowledge of Danish culture, history and society by passing the citizenship test of 2015.

participate in a municipal citizenship ceremony held after the adoption of the naturalization bill, sign a declaration on compliance with the Danish Constitution etc. and shake hands with an official.

Sample items: Danish citizenship test

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

Refugees Welcome has a leaflet in 9 languages with good advice for asylum seekers:

Dansk, English, Arabic, Farsi, Somali, BosKroSer, Francais, Tigrinya, Russian

(For more information: Website)

 

35. Estonia

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

Citizenship test:

The exam on knowledge of the Constitution and Citizenship Act of the Republic of Estonia checks the knowledge of the Constitution of Estonia, fundamental rights, freedoms and obligations of the citizen and is intended for those who wish to apply for citizenship of the Republic of Estonia.

Questions involve the following areas:

The fundamental principles of the Estonian form of government, stipulated in Chapters I and III of the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia.

The fundamental rights, freedoms and duties of each person, stipulated in Chapter II of the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia.

The jurisdiction of the Riigikogu, the President of the Republic, the Government of the Republic and the courts according to the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia.

The conditions and procedure for the acquisition, resumption and loss of Estonian citizenship according to the Citizenship Act.

(For more information: Website)

Language test:

To be naturalized as a citizen of the Republic of Estonia, the citizenship applicant must pass at least the B1 level Estonian language proficiency examination.

Professional language skills are measured and national exams are organized in Estonia on four levels: Estonian language level A2, B1, B2, and C1. The language proficiency requirement is determined on the basis of the type of civil servant, the basic category of offices, the requirements for the certification of the basic category of offices, the language proficiency requirements stated in professional standards, and the nature of the employee’s work.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

(For more information: Website)

 

36. Germany

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

One needs to have at least basic proficiency in German.

To be able to live in Germany, you will need to know German. The CEFR has three levels of language proficiency, A, B and C. Each one has two parts. So the language proficiency is divided in A1/A2 or basic, B1/B2 or proficient in the language, and C1/C2 or advanced language skills.

To be allowed to immigrate in Germany, you will need to enter the exams and pass them up to either A1 or B1. If you want to get a permanent residence, you will need a higher proficiency of C1 or C2.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

One needs to pass the citizenship test as well as offer his/her language proficiency.

Citizenship test:

To prove that you are ready to gain German citizenship, you must pass the citizenship test. This test includes 33 multiple choice questions on:

German living, society, rules, laws, questions specific to the place you live.

The test takes one hour and you must answer at least 17 questions correctly to pass the test. When you pass the test, you will get a naturalization certificate, which you can add to your document file.

Language proficiency:

You can prove that you know German up to the B1 level required by the CEFR, by providing any of these documents:

A German language certificate such as the Zertifikat Deutsch

A certification that you have obtained through an integration course, such as the “DTZ – German test for immigrants”

A certificate which proves you have completed a German secondary school

Admissions proof in a German upper secondary school

A certificate which proves you have completed at least 4 years of school in German with a passing grade

Proof of completion of higher education degrees in German

If you do not have any document, which proves your language proficiency, you can complete a government language test administered by your citizenship authority. Either way, you must know German in order to be eligible for naturalization or any other type of German citizenship.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed which is video recorded. You will also have an interpreter at your interview.

(For more information: Website)

 

37. Greece

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

Citizenship test requirements, similar to all other European countries are based on sufficient knowledge of the Greek history, language and civilization.

(For more information: Website, p11)

Also, an interview may be needed. You will get a call for a personal interview before the Naturalization Committee, which will decide on your application. During your interview, the committee will determine if you:

Know enough of the Greek language

Are integrated in Greek society and know about Greek culture and history, participate in social groups in Greece, and do your taxes

Know basic information about Greece’s recent political history and values

Have a clean criminal record that gives you the right to participate actively to the political life of the country

The committee may test your Greek language skills or cultural knowledge. You are obliged to take any test they give and answer any question they ask you.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

You will be asked questions related to the information in your application, including:

Your identity

How you came to Greece

The reasons you left your country of origin (or the country where you used to live, if you are a stateless person)

The reasons you cannot or do not wish to return to that country

Your religious background

Your educational background

Any health issues you have and any health issues in your family

Languages you speak

Etc.

(For more information: Website)

 

38. Hungary

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

EU Blue Card

One should provide notarized copy and translation of documents certifying Third Country National’s qualifications, education, knowledge of language, professional experience and other relevant skills necessary

Citizenship

Language test: yes

One can apply for citizenship by naturalization if he/she passes an examination in basic constitutional studies in Hungarian language.

Contents:

The first part of the exam contains a short draft about the important names and events of the Hungarian history, while the second part briefs about the main institutional about the Hungarian constitutional system (National Assembly, the Constitutional Court, electoral rules).

The exam takes place in front of the three –member board; by answering two written and then an oral line (a line two points). The script is solved in the same time in 60 minutes.

The script could be correct immediately by the board, after this comes after the oral round, where the candidates take an exam one by one (choosing an item, as well as ensure adequate preparation time).

 

Topics of the exam:

Hungary in the Carpathian Basin, Europe and international organizations (UN, Council of Europe, NATO, European Union)

Hungary’s national symbols and holidays (coat of arms, flag, crown, National Anthem, Manifesto, national holidays)

Turning points in the history of Hungary (Conquest, Founding of the state, the extinction of the Árpád dynasty, Turkish occupation, Habsburg rule 1848-49, Revolution and freedom, reconciliation, the first and the Second World War, 1956. Revolution per year, the 1990th year’s political system)

The art, music and science are outstanding representatives of Hungarian

The dominant figures of Hungarian literature

Fundamental institutions of the Constitution (National Assembly, the President, the Government, the Constitutional Court and the judiciary)

The structure of government (central, provincial, local bodies, municipal administration)

Basic civil rights and obligations (liberties, economic, social and cultural rights, civic responsibilities and the protection of civil rights)

The Hungarian citizenship (formation, acquisition, termination, and certification)

Reference:

Mrekajova, E. (2017). Naturalization of Stateless Persons: Solution of Statelessness? Lap Lambert Academic Publishing. (P33)

Asylum

Language test: no

Refugees and asylum-seekers are allowed to use their mother language or other languages during the interview with Hungarian Helsinki Committee.

(For more information: Website)

 

39. Italy

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

One must undergo an Italian Language test. The level of Italian required to pass is the equivalent of Level A2 established by CEFR.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

Any other documentation proving the claimant’s knowledge of the Italian language and culture.

(For more information: Website)

One must pass an Italian language test to the minimum level of B1 (pre-intermediate).

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

(For more information: Website)

 

40. Latvia

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

All the documents should be translated into English or Latvian; all the application form is presented in English or Latvian.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

The following persons may be admitted to citizenship of Latvia under a naturalization procedure:

Who are fluent in the Latvian language, know the basic principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia, the text of the National Anthem, and the basics of the history and culture of Latvia;

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

The State Border Guard shall specify expert-examinations and inspections of documents, objects or language or medical and other expert-examinations and inspections;

(For more information: Website: Chapter II, section 7)

 

41. Lithuania

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

The examination in the state language

The state language examination covers all four language skills – speaking, writing, reading and listening. An applicant has to be able to communicate in a limited number of the most familiar situations in which language is used in everyday life. The examination assesses an applicant’s ability to use vocabulary according to these topics: personal introduction, house and home, nature and landscape of the region, daily activities, leisure, travel, relations, health and hygiene, education and science, shopping, food and drink, services. The examination matches level A2 (Waystage).

The examination in the basic principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania.

The examination in the basic principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania covers all chapters of the Constitution. The examination contains 20 multiple-choice questions. In order to pass the examination an applicant has to correctly answer at least 14 questions. The examination is held in Lithuanian.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

After applying for asylum, you will be interviewed and asked to present all available documents and travel tickets, report personal data, reasons for seeking asylum and information about your travel route.

(For more information: Website)

 

42. Netherlands

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

All the documents should be translated into Dutch, German, English or French. And the translator should be certified by a Dutch court.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

You are sufficiently integrated. This means that you can read, write, speak and understand Dutch. You show this with the civic integration diploma. Also, a citizenship test is needed.

Citizenship test sample items: in Dutch

Citizenship test sample items: in English

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

General procedure

An initial interview

Talk with lawyer

A detailed interview

Meeting with lawyer

(For more information: Website)

 

43. Norway

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

You must have:

passed an oral Norwegian test at a minimum of level A1 or meet the conditions to get an exemption, and

passed a test in social studies in your chosen language or meet the conditions to get an exemption

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

You must have passed a test in oral (spoken) Norwegian on at least level A2, for example:

Norskprøven from Skills Norway (with the result A2, B1 or B2)

Norskprøve 2 or Norskprøve 3 (these tests were replaced by Norskprøven in 2014, and are not given any more)

Bergenstesten

Trinn 3-eksamen

Sign language communication test (prøve i tegnspråklig kommunikasjon) with the result A2, B1 or B2

(For more information: Website)

 

A citizenship test is also needed.

Some sample items: Test in social studies

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

You are responsible for explaining what has happened to you in your home country and why you left your home country.

(For more information: Website)

 

44. Portugal

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

Proving basic knowledge of the Portuguese language is required from every applicant for either permanent residency or citizenship, regardless in general of the grounds on which the application is submitted.

The proof consists of a certificate of A2 level proficiency (in accordance with CEFR) issued by one of the following institutions:

  • An accredited school in Portugal or in another Portuguese-speaking country
  • IEFP (Portugal’s Institute for Employment and Professional Training)
  • An accredited center for evaluating the knowledge of Portuguese as a foreign language

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship
Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

(For more information: Website)

 

45. Romania

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

The Romanian citizenship can be granted by request to that foreign citizen or to that person without citizenship who:

has a good knowledge of the Romanian language enabling him to integrate himself in the social life.

(For more information: Website)

AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

46. Serbia

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no  (For more information: Website)
Asylum

Language test: no

One may express the intention to seek asylum in Serbia orally or in writing to competent officials of the Ministry of the Interior at a border checkpoint or within its territory.

But this information hasn’t been found in the official document:

Right to Asylum in the Republic of Serbia 2017

(For more information: Website)

 

47. Slovakia

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

There is no requirement regarding language when one applies for Schengen visa to Slovakia.

All the application forms are presented in English and Slovak.

(For more information: Schengen visa for entry to SlovakiaPermanent Residence)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

The language check:

Examiners:

three-member commission appointed by the Chief Executive of the District Authority, the ambassador or by the consul.

Contents:

1) oral interview: the questions are presented in Slovak language regarding examinees’ personal data, close persons, and a general character, especially history, geography, as well as social and political development of the Slovak Republic.

2) summary: the applicant is required to read a random newspaper article with at least 500 words in the Slovak language without having read it beforehand. Afterwards the applicant is required to write a summary of the article within a time limit of 30 minutes.

The language check is to ensure that the applicant can

prove his/her command of the Slovak language;

prove a general knowledge about the Slovak Republic;

etc.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no 

An interview is conducted by an employee of the Migration Office.

Reference:

Hurná, L. (2012). Asylum legal framework and policy of the Slovak Republic. Jurisprudencija19(4), 1395.

 

48. Spain

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

A test proving a basic knowledge of the Spanish language: Spanish Diploma DELE A2 level or higher.

Requirements to obtain Spanish nationality are two tests designed and administered by the Instituto Cervantes:

CCSE test

NELE-Nationality test

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

During your interview, you will basically be asked about your identity, how you managed to get to Spain and the reasons for your persecution.

(For more information: Website)

 

49. Sweden

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

An interview may be needed.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: no

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

With the help of an interpreter you will describe who you are, why you left your home country and how you travelled to Sweden. You will also be asked about your family and about your health.

(For more information: Website)

 

50. Switzerland

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: maybe

One may have to take a language proficiency course or examination in the official language of the canton in which he/she lives.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: maybe

The authorities will invite you to an interview where the details of the procedure will be outlined.

you need to be culturally and socially integrated into Swiss society

familiar with Swiss customs and traditions,

comply with Swiss law and not be a threat to Swiss security.

One commune may ask you to take a written or verbal naturalization examination while another may make the decision by a communal assembly.

Requirements vary from one canton and commune to another: e.g. requirement to take a language or naturalization test, etc.

(For more information: Website 1, Website 2)

Asylum

Language test: no

Applicants are required to state the reason or reasons causing them to leave their home countries.

(For more information: Website)

 

51. U.K.

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

One needs to prove his/her knowledge of English for citizenship and settling.

You can prove it by having either:

an English qualification at B1, B2, C1 or C2 level

tests provided by Trinity College London

IELTS

(For more information: Website)

degree taught or researched in English

(For more information: Website)

 

Also, one needs to pass a test called Life in the UK Test.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

(For more information: Website)

 

52. Vatican

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

North America

53. Bahamas

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

(For more information: Website)

 

54. Canada

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: yes

Language tests that can be accepted:

English

CELPIP: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program

you must take the CELPIP-General test

we don’t accept the General-LS test for Express Entry

IELTS: International English Language Testing System

you must take the General Training option

we don’t accept the Academic option for Express Entry

 

French

TEF Canada: Test d’évaluation de français

compréhension de l’écrit

compréhension de l’oral

expression écrite

expression orale

TCF Canada: Test de connaissance du français

compréhension de l’écrit

compréhension de l’oral

expression écrite

expression orale

(For more information: Website)

 

Introduction to the CELPIP:

The Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) is an English language proficiency test accepted by a number of governments, professional organizations, universities, colleges, and employers as proof of English language proficiency.

The test provides a valid and reliable measurement of a test taker’s English abilities in a variety of everyday situations, such as communicating with co-workers and superiors in the workplace, interacting with friends, understanding newscasts, and interpreting and responding to written materials.

(For more information: Website)

CELPIP practice questions: Website

Citizenship

Language test: yes

Introduction:

The citizenship test is usually a written test, but it could be an interview. You will be tested on two basic requirements for citizenship: 1) knowledge of Canada and of the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, and 2) adequate knowledge of English or French.

Adult applicants 55 years of age and over do not need to write the citizenship test. The Citizenship Regulations provide information on how your ability to meet the knowledge of Canada requirement is determined.

All the citizenship test questions are based on the subject areas noted in the Citizenship Regulations, and all required information is provided in this study guide.

(For more information: Study guide website)

Content:

citizens’:

rights

freedoms

responsibilities

democracy

society and ways to take part

physical and political geography

social and cultural history and symbols

political and military history, including the:

monarchy

political system

branches of government

Sample test items:

What are three responsibilities of citizenship?

a.     Being loyal to Canada, recycling newspapers, serving in the navy, army or air force.

b.     Obeying the law, taking responsibility for oneself and one’s family, serving on a jury.

c.     Learning both official languages, voting in elections, belonging to a union.

d.     Buying Canadian products, owning your own business, using less water.

Other study questions:

Name two key documents that contain our rights and freedoms.

Identify four (4) rights that Canadians enjoy.

Etc.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

But language to use on all the forms should be in either English or French. If an interpreter helps with completing the form, the interpreter must also sign on the form.

(For more information: Website)

 

55. Cuba

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

A citizenship test is needed.

Content of the citizenship test:

knowledge of Cuba’s government

Cuba’s history

Cuban news reports

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

Free education will be offered.

(For more information: Website)

 

56. Haiti

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
CitizenshipLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
AsylumLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)

 

57. Mexico

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: yes

A naturalized citizenship test in Spanish language is needed.

Content of the Spanish competency part:

To prove Spanish competency, one should read about 4 paragraphs of Spanish text aloud, and then answer 5 test questions on that text.

That part of the Spanish competency exam is followed by looking at 3 pictures and writing a grammatically correct sentence about each photo.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed.

When interviewed, the applicant must narrate the events that led to his/her departure from his/her country of origin or habitual residence, as well as provide evidence to support his/her statements.

If required, assistance is provided by a translator or interpreter of his/her native language or understanding.

(For more information: Website)

 

58. U.S. 

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

An interview is needed. High educational diploma will be preferred.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

An English and civics test and an interview are both required.

Study Materials:

Study Materials for the Civics Test

Study Materials for the English Test

(For more information: Website)

 

Certain applicants, because of age and time as a permanent resident, are exempt from the English requirements for naturalization and may take the civics test in the language of their choice.

Languages included:

Arabic, Chinese, Korean, Spanish, Tagalog, Vietnamese

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

An interview is needed. One will be interviewed through an interpreter who he/she brings with him/her to the interview.  If one has a document that is not in English, he/she is required to provide a certified translation of the documents into English.

(For more information: Website 1, Website 2)

 

South Africa

59. Argentina

 

 

 

ImmigrationLanguage test: no (For more information: Website)
Citizenship

Language test: no

No language test but one’s ability to use and understand the Spanish language is needed.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum

Language test: no

No language test but an interview is needed.

One can seek help from an interpreter or translator for free in case he/she doesn’t know Spanish.

(For more information: Website)

 

60. Brazil

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

One should be able to speak and write Portuguese.

Name of the test: CELPE-Bras (Certificate of Proficiency in Portuguese for Foreigners)

 (For more information: Website 1, Website 2)

Asylum

Language test: no

No language test but an interview is needed.

(For more information: Website)

 

61. Peru

 

 

 

Immigration

Language test: no

If it is not in Spanish, the document must be translated into Spanish by a translator certified by the Peruvian government.

(For more information: Website)

Citizenship

Language test: yes

One should pass an interview and a test about Spanish language as well as Peruvian history and culture.

(For more information: Website)

Asylum Language test: no (For more information: Website)

 

Feel free to contact us if you have any queries:

Don YAO: yb87710@um.edu.mo  Fiona YANG: mb74064@um.edu.mo