Prof Antony John KUNNAN

Prof Antony John KUNNAN

Full Professor

Associate Dean of FAH
(853) 8822 8240

Consultation Hours
Tuesdays and Wednesdays from 4pm to 5pm

Or by appointment via


Ph.D. Applied Linguistics. University of California, Los Angeles, 1991. Dissertation: Test taker characteristics and test performance: A structural modeling study. Advisor: Lyle F. Bachman

Research Interests


With students at AALA, Hanoi, 2019


Research Interests:

Language assessment, ethics, language policy, statistics.

Organizing and disseminating knowledge and practice through publications and conferences.


Conferences organized include:

Southern California Association for Language Assessment Research in Los Angeles and Fullerton (SCALAR 1-14) (with Lyle Bachman and Nathan Carr);

Language Testing Research Colloquium (LTRC in Orlando, Temecula and Hangzhou (with Lyle Bachman and Nathan Carr);

Asian Association for Language Assessment (AALA in Bangkok and Bali with David Qian)

Assessing World Languages (AWL 1-3 in Macau with Cecilia Zhao and Matthew Wallace).



Google citations and indices as of January 11, 2020

Citation indicesAllSince 2015
Citations3021    1173
h-index    23        15
i10-index    32        23


See website for more details:


Courses Regularly Taught

Language assessment, research methods, and seminars on topics in language assessment.

Ph.D. completed under my supervision 

Limei Zhang, now working at Nanyang Technological University

Yuyang Cai, now working at Shanghai University of International Business and Economics


Ph.D. external examiner (partial listing)

Aek Phakiti, University of Melbourne, Australia

Qin Xie, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Nick Bi, Macquarie University, Australia

Vahid Aryadoust, NIE, NTU, Singapore


MA theses completed under my supervision (2016- )

Ally Ho, 2019, now working at UM, Macau

Olive Qin, 2018, now working in Shenzhen

Kayla Chen, 2018, now working in testing in Zhuhai

Sara Zheng, 2018, now teaching in a school in Zhuhai

Laura Staniute, 2018, now teaching in Tokyo, Japan

Yao Don, 2017, PhD student at UM


Antony John Kunnan is a professor and researcher in the area of language assessment. His research interests are fairness of tests and testing practice, assessment literacy, research methods and statistics, ethics and standards, and language assessment policy.

He is Director, Language Assessment Seminar Research Group (2016-) (LASeR group) at the University of Macau with faculty and student researchers.

See information on AWL Conferences at:


Professional Experience

Post-doctoral fellow, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1991-92.

Assistant, Associate and full Professor, California State University, Los Angeles, 1992-2013.

Senior Fulbright scholar, Tunghai University, Taiwan, 2006-07.

Professor, University of Hong Kong, 2008-09

Honorary Professor, University of Hong Kong, 2009-

Professor, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2011-2015.

Professor, University of Macau, 2016-

Professional Affiliations

International Language Testing Association, American Association of Applied Linguistics, and Asian Association for Language Assessment.

He was also a consultant on many international projects: USAID Egypt; TOEFL Committee of Examiners; New TOEFL/iBT and TOEFL Junior at Educational Testing Service, Princeton; University of Cambridge English Language Assessment; Language Training and Testing Center; and Eiken Foundation.

Awards & Honors

Excellence in Research Award, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Macau, 2019

Editor-in-Chief, Asia TEFL Journal, 2017-present

Founding President, Asian Association for Language Assessment, 2014, 2015

Founding Editor, Language Assessment Quarterly, 2003-13

Apple Lecturer, Teachers College, Columbia University, February 2010

Honorary Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong, 2009-present

Fulbright Scholar & Visiting Professor, Tunghai University, Taiwan, 2006-07

President and Vice President, and Treasurer, International Language Testing Association, 2000-05 (elected)

Test Reviews Editor, Language Testing, 1998-2002

Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Research Award for Second/Foreign Language Testing, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N.J., 1994

Founding Editor, Issues in Applied Linguistics, 1989-91

Conference Papers and Other Presentations

He has conducted seminars and workshops on language assessment topics in 35 countries and given 100 plenary and invited talks. In 2019, his talks will be at the:

  1. 70th Anniversary of the British Council Symposium, Hong Kong, January.
  2. ICCTAR Conf, Melakka, June.
  3. ICLLS Conf, Caritas Institute of Education, Hong Kong, June.
  4. Japanese Language Testing Conf, Niigata, September.
  5. Asian Association for Language Assessment Conf, Hanoi, October.
  6. TEPS Conf, Seoul, November.
Selected Publications

Authored and edited books

1. Kunnan, A. J. (2018). Evaluating language assessments. New York, NY: Routledge.

2. Kunnan, A. J. (2016). (Ed.) Talking about language assessment: The LAQ interviews. New York, NY: Routledge.

3. Kunnan, A. J. (2015). (Ed.) Language Testing and Assessment. Oxford, U.K.: Routledge. [4- volume set]

4. Kunnan, A. J. (2014). (Ed.) The Companion to Language Assessment. Malden, MA: Wiley. [4- volume set]

5. Bachman, L. F., & Kunnan, A. J. (2005). Statistical analysis for language assessment Workbook and CD. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

6. Kunnan, A. J. (2000). (Ed.) Fairness and Validation in Language Assessment. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

7. Kunnan, A. J. (1998). (Ed.) Validation in Language Assessment. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

8. Kunnan, A. J. (1995). Test taker characteristics and test performance.  Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Selected journal articles and book chapters (2014- )

1. Kunnan, A. J. (2020). The U.S. Naturalization test: Is it beneficial or a barrier to citizenship? In G. Fulcher & L. Harding (Eds.), The handbook of language testing (2nd Edition; pp. xxx-xxx). NY, NY: Routledge. [in press]

2. Kunnan, A. J. (2020). A case for an ethics-based approach to evaluate language assessments. In G. Ockey & B. Green (Eds.), Festschrift for Lyle Bachman (pp. xx-xx). New York: Springer. [in press]

3. Cai, Y. & Kunnan, A. J. (2020). Mapping the fluctuating effect of strategy use on English reading performance for nursing students: A multi-layered moderation analysis approach. Language Testing, 38, 1-25.

4. Cai, Y., & Kunnan, A. J. (2019). Detecting the language thresholds of the effect of background knowledge on an LSP reading performance. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 42, 1-12.

5. Kunnan, A. J., & Liao, L. (2019). Modeling young learners’ self-assessment, learning attitude, and test performance. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 16, 2, 701-710.

6. Kunnan, A. J. & Saville, N. (2019). Setting standards for language learning and assessment  in educational contexts: A multilingual perspective. In A-B Wendy & J. Bellamy (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization (pp. xx-xx). Cambridge, U.K.: CUP.

7. Kunnan, A. J. (2019). An agenda for language assessment research and pedagogy. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 16, 1, 327-333.

8. Cai, Y. & Kunnan, A. J. (2018). The inseparability of content knowledge from LSP ability: Evidence from modeling of bifactor-MIRT based scores. Language Assessment Quarterly, 14, 1-21.

9. Kunnan, A. J. & Carr, N. (2017). A comparability study of the GEPT-Advanced and iBT (TOEFL). Language Testing in Asia, 7, 1-16.

10. Hoang, G., & Kunnan, A. J. (2016). Automated writing instructional tool for English language learners: A case study of MyAccess. Language Assessment Quarterly, 13, 359-376.

11. Liu, S., & Kunnan, A. J. (2016). Investigating the application of automated writing evaluation to Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of CALICO Journal, 33, 71-91.

12. Sims, J., & Kunnan, A. J. (2016). Developing evidence for a validity argument for an English placement exam from multi-year test performance data. Language Testing in Asia, 6.

13. Wagner, E., & Kunnan, A. J. (2015). Review of the Duolingo Test. Language Assessment Quarterly, 12, 320-331.

14. Zhang, L., Goh, C., & Kunnan, A. J. (2014). Analysis of test takers’ metacognitive and cognitive strategy use and EFL reading test performance: A multi-sample SEM approach. Language Assessment Quarterly, 11, 76-102.

15. Kunnan, A. J. (2014). Fairness and justice in language assessment. In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), The companion to language assessment (pp. 1098-1114). Malden, MA: Wiley.