Prof Antony John KUNNAN

Prof Antony John KUNNAN

Full Professor

Associate Dean of FAH
(853) 8822 8240

Consultation Hours
Tuesdays & Wednesdays from 4pm to 5pm

Or by appointment via


Ph.D. Applied Linguistics. University of California, Los Angeles, 1991. Dissertation: Test taker characteristics and test performance: A structural modeling study. Advisor: Lyle F. Bachman

Research Interests

Language assessment, ethics, language policy, statistics.

Organizing and disseminating knowledge and practice through publications and conferences.

Conferences organized include Southern California Association for Language Assessment Research in Los Angeles and Fullerton (SCALAR 1-14 editions); Language Testing Research Colloquium (LTRC 3 editions, in Orlando, Temecula, Hangzhou (both with Lyle Bachman and Nathan Carr); Asian Association for Language Assessment (AALA 2 editions with David Qian) and Assessing World Languages (AWL 2 editions in Macau with Cecilia Zhao and Matthew Wallace).


Google citations and indices as of May 1, 2019

Citation indicesAllSince 2014
Citations2736    1152
h-index    22        15
i10-index    33        26


See website for more details:



Courses Regularly Taught

Language assessment, research methods, and seminars on topics in language assessment.


Antony John Kunnan is a professor, researcher and author in the area of language assessment. His research interests are fairness of tests and testing practice, assessment literacy, research methods and statistics, ethics and standards, and language assessment policy.

He is also Director, Language Assessment Seminar Research Group (2016-) at the University of Macau with faculty and student researchers.


Professional Experience

After completing his Ph.D. from UCLA in 1991, he was awarded a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. From 1992 until 2013, he was assistant, associate and full professor at California State University, Los Angeles. In 2006, he received a Fulbright scholarship to Tunghai University, Taiwan. He has also held professorships (and now Honorary Professor) at the University of Hong Kong and at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He joined the University of Macau as professor in 2016.

He has conducted seminars and workshops on language assessment topics in 35 countries and given 100 plenary and invited talks. His most recent talks were: In 2017, Language assessment for immigration and citizenship conference, Seoul; ASEAN ELT Conf, Melakka; in 2018, ALTE Conf, Cluj; Murray Edwards College, Cambridge University; University of Hong Kong, Chinese University of Hong Kong, and Hong Kong Polytechnic University Conf; KATE Conf, Seoul; and Asian TEFL Conf, Macau; in 2019, 70th Anniversary of the British Council in Hong Kong. He will be the keynote speaker at the Japanese Language Testing Conf in Niigata in September 2019.

Professional Affiliations

International Language Testing Association, American Association of Applied Linguistics, and Asian Association for Language Assessment.

He was also a consultant on many international projects: USAID Egypt; TOEFL Committee of Examiners; New TOEFL/iBT at Educational Testing Service, Princeton; University of Cambridge English Language Assessment; Language Training and Testing Center; and Eiken Foundation.

Awards & Honors

Excellence in Research Award, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Macau, 2019

Editor-in-Chief, Asia TEFL Journal, 2017-present

Founding President, Asian Association for Language Assessment, 2014, 2015

Founding Editor, Language Assessment Quarterly, 2003-13

Apple Lecturer, Teachers College, Columbia University, February 2010

Honorary Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong, 2009-present

Fulbright Scholar & Visiting Professor, Tunghai University, Taiwan, 2006-07

President and Vice President, and Treasurer, International Language Testing Association, 2000-05 (elected)

Test Reviews Editor, Language Testing, 1998-2002

Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Research Award for Second/Foreign Language Testing, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N.J., 1994

Founding Editor, Issues in Applied Linguistics, 1989-91

Selected Publications

Authored books

  1. Kunnan, A. J. (2017). Evaluating language assessments. New York, NY: Routledge.
  2. Bachman, L. F., & Kunnan, A. J. (2005). Statistical analysis for language assessment Workbook and CD. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  3. Kunnan, A. J. (1995). Test Taker Characteristics and Test Performance. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Edited books

  1. Kunnan, A. J. (2015). (Ed.) Language Testing and Assessment. Oxford, U.K.: Routledge. [4- volume set]
  2. Kunnan, A. J. (2014). (Ed.) Talking about language assessment: The LAQ interviews. New York, NY: Routledge.
  3. Kunnan, A. J. (2014). (Ed.) The Companion to Language Assessment. Malden, MA: Wiley. [4- volume set]
  4. Kunnan, A. J. (2000). (Ed.) Fairness and Validation in Language Assessment. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  5. Kunnan, A. J. (1998). (Ed.) Validation in Language Assessment. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Special issues of journals

  1. Kunnan, A. J. (2007). (Ed.) Differential Item Functioning. Language Assessment Quarterly, 4.
  2. Kunnan, A. J. & Lakshmanan, U. (2006). (Eds.) Language assessment-language acquisition: A cross-linguistics perspective. Language Assessment Quarterly, 3, 2.
  3. Kunnan, A. J. (1998). (Ed.) Structural Equation Modeling. Language Testing, 15,

Selected journal articles, book chapters, test reviews

  1. Kunnan, A. J. (2019). Revisiting issues related to language assessment for immigration and citizenship. In G. Fulcher & L. Harding (Eds.), The handbook of language testing (2nd Edition; pp. xxx-xxx). NY, NY: Routledge.
  2. Kunnan, A. J. & Saville, N. (2018). Setting standards for language learning and assessment  in educational contexts: A multilingual perspective. In A-B Wendy & J. Bellamy (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization (pp. xx-xx). Cambridge, U.K.: CUP.
  3. Cai, Y. & Kunnan, A. J. (2018). The inseparability of content knowledge from LSP ability: Evidence from modeling of bifactor-MIRT based scores. Language Assessment Quarterly, 14, 1-21.
  4. Kunnan, A. J. & Carr, N. (2017). A comparability study of the GEPT-Advanced and iBT (TOEFL). Language Testing in Asia, 7, 1-16.
  5. Kunnan, A. J. (2016). Large scale language assessment: Empirical studies. In E. Hinkel (Ed.), Handbook of research in second language learning, 2nd Ed. (pp. 476-489). New York, NY: Routledge.
  6. Hoang, G., & Kunnan, A. J. (2016). Automated writing instructional tool for English language learners: A case study of MyAccess. Language Assessment Quarterly, 13, 359-376.
  7. Liu, S., & Kunnan, A. J. (2016). Investigating the application of automated writing evaluation to Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of CALICO Journal, 33, 71-91.
  8. Sims, J., & Kunnan, A. J. (2016). Developing evidence for a validity argument for an English placement exam from multi-year test performance data. Language Testing in Asia, 6.
  9. Wagner, E., & Kunnan, A. J. (2015). Review of the Duolingo Test. Language Assessment Quarterly, 12, 320-331.
  10. Kunnan, A. J., & Zhang, L. (2015). How can teachers be responsible language assessors? In Y. Huizhong (Ed.), The sociology of language testing (pp. 210-231). Shanghai: Foreign Language Press. [Chinese version: 教師如何成為負責任的語言評測者? 143-149].
  11. Wagner, E., & Kunnan, A. (2014). Review of Computerized Oral Proficiency Instrument (Arabic and Spanish). In J. Carlson, K. Geisinger, & J. Jonson (Eds.), The 19th Mental Measurements Yearbook (pp. 189-191). Lincoln, NE: Buros Institute of Mental Measurements.
  12. Kunnan, A. & Wagner, E., (2014). Review of the Examination for the Certificate of Competency in English. In J. Carlson, K. Geisinger, & J. Jonson (Eds.), The 19th Mental Measurements Yearbook (pp. 286-288). Lincoln, NE: Buros Institute of Mental Measurements.
  13. Zhang, L., Goh, C., & Kunnan, A. J. (2014). Analysis of test takers’ metacognitive and cognitive strategy use and EFL reading test performance: A multi-sample SEM approach. Language Assessment Quarterly, 11, 76-102.
  14. Kunnan, A. J. (2014). Fairness and justice in language assessment. In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), The companion to language assessment (pp. 1098-1114). Malden, MA: Wiley.
  15. Kunnan, A. J. and Grabowski, K. (2013). Large scale second language assessment. In M. Celce-Murcia et al. (Eds.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language, 4th edition (pp. 304-319). New York, NY: Heinle/Cengage.
  16. Kunnan, A. J. (2012). Language assessment for immigration and citizenship. In G. Fulcher and F. Davidson (Eds.), The handbook of language testing (pp. 152-166). New York, NY: Routledge.
  17. Kunnan, A. J. & Carr, N. (2012). Statistical analysis of test results. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (pp. 5396-5403). Malden, MA: Wiley.
  18. Kunnan, A. J. (2012). Lyle F. Bachman. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (pp. 1-10). Malden, MA: Wiley.
  19. Kunnan, A. J. (2012). High-stakes language testing. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (pp. 1-7). Malden, MA: Wiley.
  20. Kunnan, A. J. (2010). Fairness matters and Toulmin’s argument structures. Language Testing, 27, 183-189.
  21. Kunnan, A. J. (2010). Statistical analysis for test fairness. Revue Française de Linguistique Appliquée, 16, 39-48.
  22. Kunnan, A. J. (2010). Publishing in the era of electronic technologies. The Modern Language Journal, 94, 643-645.
  23. Kunnan, A. J. & Jang, E. (2009). Diagnostic feedback in language assessment. In M. Long & C. Doughty (Eds.), The handbook of language teaching (pp. 610-627). Malden, MA: Wiley.
  24. Kunnan, A. J. (2009). Politics and legislation in citizenship testing in the U.S. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 29, 37-48.
  25. Kunnan, A. J. (2009). The U.S. Naturalization Test. Language Assessment Quarterly, 6, 89-97.