Prof Beatriz PUENTE-BALLESTEROS

Prof Beatriz PUENTE-BALLESTEROS
白雅詩

Assistant Professor


bpballesteros@um.edu.mo
8822 4363
E21-2026
EDIT

Consultation Hours
Monday: 18:30-20:30
Thursday: 18:30-19:30

Or by appointment via bpballesteros@um.edu.mo

Education

Education

  • 2013-2015 Post-doc, Zukunftskolleg, Department of History and Sociology, University of Constance, Germany. Academic host: Prof. Jürgen Osterhammel.
  • 2009-2012 Post-doc, Department of Sinology, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. Academic host: Prof. Nicolas Standaert.
  • 2004-2009 Ph. D. in History of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
  • 2006-2009 BA honors in East Asian Studies, Open University of Catalonia, Spain.
  • 2009 (April-July) Pre-doc, Department of Chinese and Korean Studies, Institute of Asian and Oriental Studies, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Germany. Academic host: Prof. Hans Ulrich Vogel.
  • 2008 (September-December) Pre-doc, Department of Philosophy, École Normal Supérieur, Paris, France. Academic host: Prof. Claude Debru
  • 2008 (February-March) Pre-doc, Needham Research Institute, Cambridge Great Britain. Pre-doctoral stay. Academic host: Prof. Catherine Jami.
  • 2006-2007 Pre-doc, Centre for the History of Medicine, Peking University, Beijing, China. Academic host: Prof. Zhang Daqing.
  • 2007 Advance Course on History of Medicine – Division of Medical Humanities, Centre for the History of Medicine, Peking University, China.
  • 2005-2006 Pre-doc, Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China. Academic host: Prof. Liao Yuqun
  • 2005 (March-September), Pre-doc, Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China. Academic host: Prof. Liu Dun
  • 2001-2003 MA in Acupuncture and Moxibuxtion, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Hydrology, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
  • 2001-2003 MA in History of Science (Program: “Sociosanitary Sciences and Medical Humanities”), Department of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
  • 1995-2001 BA honors in Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.

Dissertations

  • 2009 Ph.D. (with an additional European Doctoral Degree). “De Paris a Pekín, de Pekín a París: La mission jesuita francesa como interlocutor médico de la era Kangxi (r. 1662-1722)” (From Paris to Peking, from Peking to Paris: The French Jesuit Mission as Medical Interlocutor during the Kangxi Reign (1662-1722)). Unanimously awarded the highest mark “suma cum laude with brilliance” (“Sobresaliente suma cum laude por unanimidad”). Supervision by Prof. Luis E. Montiel, Department of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain, and Prof. Catherine Jami REHSEIS-UMR 7219 – CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot, Paris, France.
  • 2003 MA Dissertation: Historia de la Medicina tradicional china el la perspectiva de su introducción a Occidente (“History of Traditional Chinese Medicine from the Perspective of Its Introduction into the Western World”). Awarded with the highest mark “Sobresaliente” (Excellent). Supervision by prof. Luis E. Montiel, Department of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
Research Interests
  • Social and Cultural History of Court Medicine in Late Imperial China
  • Medicine, Patronage and the construction of the Qing Rule
  • Prosopographical studies of Jesuit Physicians, Surgeons and Apothecaries in the service of the Kangxi Court
  • Flows of Western Medicinal Substances in China during Early Modern Globalization
  • Chocolate in China
  • Translating Western Pharmacopeias and Anatomical Texts to Ming and Qing China
  • Transmission of Chinese Medical Knowledge, Practices and Recipes to Enlightened Europe
  • Melancholy in East and West
  • Manchu Studies
  • Macau Studies

Current Research

  • 2018-2021, Principal Investigator: “Translating Western Anatomy to Late Ming China: Convergences and Divergences in the Light of the Taixi renshuo shuogai 泰西人身說概 (An Outline of the Human Body from the Occident; 1643).” Multi-Year Research Grant (MYRG) Level 2, RDAO (Research & Development Administration Office), University of Macau, Macau SAR, China. Awarded Amount: 315000 MOP.
  • 2016-2018, Principal Investigator: “Global-Micro Histories in East-West Medical Interactions and Exchanges during Late Imperial China.” Start-up Research Grant, RDAO (Research & Development Administration Office), University of Macau, Macau SAR, China. Awarded Amount: 150000 MOP.

Grants

  • 2018-2021, Multi-Year Research Grant (MYRG) Level 2, RDAO (Research & Development Administration Office), University of Macau, Macau SAR, China.
  • 2015-2018, Start-up Research Grant, RDAO (Research & Development Administration Office), University of Macau, Macau SAR, China. 
  • 2013-2015, Marie Curie ZIF 2-year Postdoctoral Fellow Grant within the Zukunftskolleg Fellowship Program, University of Constance, Germany.
  • 2010-2012, Grant of Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange, Postdoctoral Research Program, Taiwan.
  • 2009-2010, Grant of Catholic University of Leuven, Research Focus Program, F+ Postdoctoral Research Scholarship, Belgium.
  • 2009 (March-September), Grant of Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (German Academic Exchange Service): DAAD Scholarship for further academic research and training in Germany.
  • 2008-2009, Grant of Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange, pre-doctoral scholarship for financing last year of PhD dissertation. 
  • 2006-2007, Grant of the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China awarded through the Chinese Embassy in Spain (Chinese Council for Scientific Research). 
  • 2005-2006, Grant of the Ministry of Finances of Spain awarded by the I.C.O. Foundation, Asia-Pacific Exchange Program.
  • 2005 (March-September), Grant of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Scholarship Program awarded by the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Beijing, China.
  • 2004 (July-August), Two-month scholarship at Peking Foreign Studies University, Beijing, granted by the Ministry of Public Finance of Spain and awarded by the I.C.O Foundation, Asia-Pacific Exchange Program.
Courses Regularly Taught

1. Courses taught at UM (2015-Present)
1.1. History Undergraduate Major and Minor Programs:

  • Medical Identities in East and West
  • Historical Theory and Practice
  • Global History of Medicine
  • Macau in World History
  • Western Civilization I
  • History of Portugal
  • Senior History Writing Seminar I
  • Senior History Writing Seminar II

1.2. History Graduate Programme

  • East-West Interactions and Exchanges

2. Extracurricular activities

  • 2016-Present, Writing History LAB. The aim of this activity is offering high-quality undergraduate education, optimizing undergraduate programmes of the Department of History, contributing to general-knowledge courses, and providing students with an early opportunity to become part of the scholarly community through intensive instruction in academic writing. This activity is honored to belong to the initiatives encouraged by the Sub-Committee on Education and Research, UNESCO Memory of the World Programme.
  • 2017-Present, “Wonder Rooms of History: A Promenade.” Dr. Puente-Ballesteros contributes to the “Open Day” activities celebrated at FSS. Together with her students, she provides guided tours through the Galleries, both in Mandarin and English, to visitors from all walks of life and thus awaken their historical awareness.

3. Internationalization of the Department of History 

  • 2016-present, MA Students Exchange Programme. Together with Prof. Hans Ulrich Vogel and Jun.-Prof. Huang Fei of Tübingen University preparation of an “Agreement on Master Student Exchange between the University of Macau, Macao SAR, the People’s Republic of China and University of Tübingen Germany,” allowing Macau History students to spend one or two semesters in Tübingen and, vice-versa, Tübingen Sinology students to spend one or two semesters in Macau. Once this programme will be institutionalised in 2017 Dr. Puente-Ballesteros will be responsible for it on the Macau side.

4. Supervision of Scientific Works
4.1. MA History Thesis Supervisor

  • 2017, “Celestial Score: The Role of Matteo Ricci S.J. in the Musical Exchange between China and the West,” by Ms. Ma Lin.
  • 2016, “The Construction of a Modern State: Social Change in Tianjin as Reflected in the Medical Advertisements of the Ta Kung Pao (1907-1917),” by Ms. Xue Hui.
    August, 2017, “The Localization of  Western Medicine in Canton Province as a Case Study (1860-1890),” by Ms. He Yunxi.
  • Forthcoming, 2017, “Strangers in Paradise: Illegal Migration from Pan Sha to Macau, 1978-1984,” by Mr. Lou Ka U.

4.2. BA History Thesis Supervisor 

  • 2017, “The Third Sex: Chinese Eunuchs during Ming and Qing Dynasties,” by Huang Na 2017, “Flaunt and Dining-Table: The Relationship between Food Value and Conspicuous Consumption in Contemporary Europe,” by Lam Wai U
  • 2017, “Forgotten Traditions: Chinese Influence in the Development of Japanese Matcha Tea,” by Li Yue Tong.
  • 2017, “Bodies and Butterflies: A Comparative Approach on Prostitution Culture
    in Ancient and Modern China,” by Loi U Seng.
  • 2017, “Cultural Revolution: The Last Supper before the China’s New Era,” by Qi Lin.
  • 2016, “Traditional Chinese Medicine in Today’s Hong Kong: The Case Study of Chinese Herbal Tea,” by Ms. Su On Lee.
  • 2016, “Taxing Salt in Ancient China: A Comparative Study in the Three Models of Monopoly System,”  by Ms. Cham Hoi Meng.
  • 2016, “’The Manchu Way’: Hair Style Politics during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911),” by Ms. Ho Ka Man.

5. Teaching Collaborations at other Institutions

  • 2014, 2003-2005, BA in Medicine: “El hombre enfermo: Aspectos históricos y socioculturales” (Man and Disease: Historical and Socio-Cultural Perspectives). Department of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. Instructors: Prof. Luis E. Montiel and Prof. Ángel González de Pablo.
  • 2009-2012, MA in Sinology: “The Three Great Emperors: Kangxi, Yongcheng, Qianlong.” Sinology, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. Instructor: Prof. Nicolas Standaert.
  • 2009-2012, MA in Sinology: “The State of the Field in Sino-Western Contacts with a Focus on Medicine.” Sinology, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. Instructor: Prof. Nicolas Standaert.
  • 2003-2005, BA in Medicine: “Introducción a la historia de la medicina y a la metodología científica” (Introduction to the History of Medicine and Scientific Methodology). Unit of History of Medicine, Department of History of Science, Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. Instructor: Prof. Luis E. Montiel.
  • 2003-2005, PhD course: “Fundamentos y desarrollos psicoanalíticos” (Foundations and Developments in Psychoanalysis). Department of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. Instructor: Prof. Luis E. Montiel.
  • 2003-2005, MA on Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Instructor of the subject: “Historia de la medicina china y de los intercambios médicos entre China y Europa” (History of Chinese Medicine and Cross-scientific Exchanges between China and Europe). Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
  • 2003-2005, Expert course in Tuina. Instructor of the subject: “Historia de la medicina en China” (History of Medicine in China). Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
  • 2003-2005, Expert course in Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Instructor of the subject: “Historia de la medicina en China” (History of Medicine in China). Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
Professional Experience

2015-Present, Assistant Professor, Department of History, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China. Principal investigator of three-year Multi-Year Research Grant (MYRG) Level 2, RDAO (Research & Development Administration Office), University of Macau, Macau SAR, China. Project title: “Translating Western Anatomy to Late Ming China: Convergences and Divergences in the Light of the Taixi renshuo shuogai 泰西人身說概 (An Outline of the Human Body from the Occident; 1643).” Awarded Amount: 315000 MOP.

2015-2018, Assistant Professor, Department of History, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China. Principal investigator of three-year Start-up Research Grant RDAO (Research & Development Administration Office), University of Macau, Macau SAR, China.“ Project title: “Global-Micro Histories in East-West Medical Interactions and Exchanges during Late Imperial China.” Awarded Amount: 150000 MOP.

2013-2015, Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Zukunftskolleg, Department of History and Sociology, University of Constance, Germany. Individual research project: “Court Medicine in Late Imperial China: Variations on a Theme in the History of Globalization.”

2009-2012, Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Department of Sinology, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. Individual research project: “French Jesuit Missionaries Shaped by the Chinese: Jesuit Physicians in the Kangxi Court as a Case Study” (2010-2012) and “Contacts and Contrasts in a Sino-European Medical Context: The Creation of New Medical Identities” (2009-2010).

2009-2012, External Post-doctoral Research Fellow, REHSEIS-UMR 7219 (CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot), Paris. Collaborative project: “Itinéraires individuels et circulation des savoirs scientifiques et techniques en Chine moderne (XVIe-XXe siècles)” (Individual Itineraries and the Circulation of Scientific and Technical Knowledge in Early Modern China (16th-20th centuries). Project Director: Prof. Catherine Jami. Individual project contribution: “Biographical Study of Bernard Rhodes S. J. (1646-1715), Physician, Surgeon and insignis pharmacopeus: Deciphering Medical Itineraries in Qing China.”

Professional Affiliations
  • 2016-Present, Associate Member of the Macau Ricci Institute
  • 2016-Present, Corresponding Member of Sub-Committee on Education and Research, UNESCO Memory of the World Programme.
  • 2006-2012 and 2016-Present, Member of the Pool of Reviewers of the European Science Foundation (Standing Committee for the Humanities).
  • 2016-Present, Member of the Post-graduate committee in the Department of History, UMAC.
  • 2004-2010 and 2014-2015, Honorary Teaching Fellow, Department of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.

Academic Collaborations with International Institutions

  • 2017-2020, Project Member of “Tōzai chishiki kōryū to jikokka – Han-Ajia kagaku bunkaron“ 東西知識交流と自国化 –  汎アジア科学文化論 (Interaction and Acculturation of Knowledge between the East and West: A Pan-Asian Approach toward the History of Science in Asia), directed  by Professor Takeda Tokimasa 武田時昌, Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University, Japan.
  • 2015-2017, Project Member in “Dentō iryō bunka kokusai wākushoppu” 伝統医療文化国際ワークショップ (International Workshop on Traditional Healing Cultures), directed by Prof. Ōgata Tōru 大形徹, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Japan
  • 2015-2020, Project and Translation Collaborator (together with Prof. Dr. Christine Moll-Murata, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany) of “Translating Western Science, Technology and Medicine to Late Ming China: The “Great Divergence” in the Light of the Kunyu gezhi 坤輿格致 (Investigations of the Earth’s Interior; 1640) and the Taixi shuifa 泰西水法 (Hydromethods of the Great West; 1612),” directed by Prof. Hans Ulrich Vogel, Department of Chinese and Korean Studies, University of Tuebingen, Germany.
  • 2015-2018, Co-director (together with Prof. Hans Ulrich Vogel, Dr. Ulrich Theobald, ad Sabine Kink, MA) of the Manchu translation project “‘The ‘Old Cathayan’: A Critical and Annotated Translation of the Manchu Version of the Nogeoldae (Lao qida 老乞大; 18th Century),” published on the Manc.hu website.
  • 2016-2017, Contribution to the Manc.hu website with the transcription (and later translation) of the Si yang ni okto i bithe (Xiyang yao shu 西洋藥書 or “Book on Medicines from the Western Ocean” of 1693), a book on Western medicine published in Manchu by the Jesuits.
Awards & Honors
  • 2017, Award for outstanding Research Career by the Zukunftskolleg, Institute for Advanced Studies (IAS), University of Constance, Germany. The Zukunftskolleg belongs to the German federal and state governments’ Excellence Initiative and is co-funded by the European Union Science Foundation. The award will be published in the Zukunftskolleg Newsletter “Alumni Career Paths Series.”
  • 2017, Nomination for Outstanding Service Award for the UNESCO project “The Galleries: Sources, Voices, Histories,” Department of History, FSS, UMAC.
  • 2010 “Prize Hernández Morejón” for the best doctoral dissertation in the History of Medicine, awarded by the Spanish Society of History of Medicine.
  • 2010 “Prize for the Best Doctorate in the Academic Year 2008-2009” (Premio extraordinario de doctorado 2008-2009) at the Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
Selected Publications

Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals

2017 (Accepted) 白雅诗:《安多在京的染疾与病逝:对在清比利时耶稣会士生命终途的不同视角分析》, 《 澳门研究》 (Macau Studies Journal), November: pages to  determined. Revised translation of “Variations in Perceptions of the Last Days of a Belgium Jesuit at the Kangxi Court: The Illness and Death of Antoine Thomas (1644-1709) in Beijing.” In: Isabelle PARMENTIER (ed.). The Itinerary of Antoine Thomas S.J. (1644-1709), Scientist and Missionary from Namur in China. Leuven: Ferdinand Verbiest Foundation, China-Europe Institute, KU Leuven (Louvain Chinese Series Studies 33, 2017), 270-301.

2017 (In Press) 白雅诗:《医生,理发手术匠,与保教权在华利益:耶稣会士卢依道(1661-1719)与高竹(1659-1733)在清朝的宫廷 》, 《清史研究》 (Studies in Qing History), 3: 65-95. Translated by Dr. Cao Jin 曹晋, Academic Director of the European Centre for Chinese Studies at Peking University (ECCS). Revised translation of “Isidoro Lucci S.J. (1661-1719) and João Baptista Lima (1659-1733) at the Qing Court: The Physician, the Barber-Surgeon, and the Padroado’s Interests in China,” Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu, vol. 82, fasc. 163.1: 165-216. ISSN: 1002-8587.

2014 白雅诗:《康熙帝的“病人”安多: 对于清宫配用底野迦的个案研究》, 《新史学》(New History Journal), 12: 231-255. Translated by Dong Shaoxin 董少新, Professor at the National Institute for Advanced Humanistic Studies of Fudan University, Shanghai. Revised Chinese translation of the following article: Beatriz Puente-Ballesteros, “Antoine Thomas S.J. as a ‘Patient’ of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1662-1722): A Case Study on the Appropriation of Theriac at the Imperial Court,” Asclepio: Journal for History of Medicine and Science, 63.2 (2012): 213-251. ISBN: 978-7-5347-7497-3

2014白雅诗:《康熙宫廷耶稣会士医学:皇帝的网络与赞助》,《清史研究》 (Studies in Qing History), 1: 1-27. Translated by Dong Jianzhong 董建中, Associate Professor at Institute of Qing History, Renmin University. Revised Chinese translation of the following article: Beatriz Puente-Ballesteros, “Jesuit Medicine at the Kangxi Court (r. 1662-1722): Imperial Networks and Patronage,” East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine, 34 (2011): 86-162. Special Issue: Networks and Circulation of Knowledge: Encounters between Jesuits, Manchus and Chinese in Late Imperial China (Guest editor: Prof. Nicolas Standaert, Chair of Sinology, Faculty of Letters and Arts, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium). ISSN: 1002-8587

2013 “Isidoro Lucci S.J. (1661-1719) and João Baptista Lima (1659-1733) at the Qing Court: The Physician, the Barber-Surgeon, and the Padroado’s Interests in China,” Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu, vol. 82, fasc. 163.1: 165-216. ISSN: 0037-8887

2012 “Antoine Thomas S.J. as a ‘Patient’ of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1662-1722): A Case Study on the Appropriation of Theriac at the Imperial Court,” Asclepio: Journal for History of Medicine and Science, 63.2: 213-251. ISSN: 0210-4466.

2011 “Jesuit Medicine at the Kangxi Court (r. 1662-1722): Imperial Networks and Patronage,” East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine, 34: 86-162. Special Issue: Networks and Circulation of Knowledge: Encounters between Jesuits, Manchus and Chinese in Late Imperial China (Guest editor: Prof. Nicolas Standaert, Chair of Sinology, Faculty of Letters and Arts, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium). ISSN: 1562-918X.

2006 “F.-X. D’Entrecolles and Chinese Medicine: A Jesuit’s Insights in the French Controversy surrounding Smallpox Inoculation,” Revista de Cultura (Review of Culture), International Edition, 18: 89-98. Bilingual edition in English and Chinese. ISSN: 0872-4393.

2005 “Evolución histórica de los aspectos teóricos y terapéuticos de la idea de enfermedad mental en China: De una medicina idiosincrásica a una concepción europeizante” (Historical Evolution of the Theoretical and Therapeutic Aspects of Chinese Medical Ideas: From an Idiosyncratic to a European Concept), Semergen, May 2005: 20-31.

Chapters in Peer-Reviewed Books, Conference Proceedings and Edited Volumes

2018 (Accepted) “Chocolate in China: Interweaving Cultural Histories of an Imperfectly Connected World.” In: Harold J. COOK (ed.). Globalizing Chinese Medicine in the 17th Century: ‘Translation’ at Work. To be published in the book series of the Society for the Social History of Medicine with David Cantor as editor-in-chief.

2017 (In Press): “A Biographical Study of Bernard Rhodes S. J. (1646-1715), Physician, Surgeon and insignis pharmacopeus: Deciphering Medical Itineraries in Qing China.” In: Catherine JAMI (ed.). Human Mobility and the Spatial Dynamics of Knowledge: Situating Science, Technology and Medicine in Late Imperial China. Paris: Collège de France (Mémoires de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes Chinoises), pp. 236-268.

2017 “Variations in Perceptions of the Last Days of a Belgium Jesuit at the Kangxi Court: The Illness and Death of Antoine Thomas (1644-1709) in Beijing.” In: Isabelle PARMENTIER (ed.). The Itinerary of Antoine Thomas S.J. (1644-1709), Scientist and Missionary from Namur in China. Leuven: Ferdinand Verbiest Foundation, China-Europe Institute, KU Leuven (Louvain Chinese Series Studies), pp. 270-301. ISBN: 9789082090963 (paperback)9082090961

2014 “El Emperador Kangxi (1622-1722): ¿Promotor o censor de la medicina jesuita en China?” (Kangxi Emperor (1622-1722): Promoter or Censor of Jesuit Medicine in China?].” In: Lola BALAGUER-NÚÑEZ, Luis CALVO CALVO and F. Xavier MEDINA (eds.), Asia, Europa y el Mediterraneo: Ciencia, tecnología y circulación del conocimiento. Barcelona: Publicacions de la Residència d’Investigadors, CSIC-Generalitat de Catalunya, pp. 187-217. ISBN: 978-84-931588-4-2

2007 “‘Curiosidad Ilustrada’: Las Cartas Edificantes (1702-1773) como testimonio del rol de la medicina en la ‘política de adaptación’ de la Misión jesuita francesa en China” (‘Enlightened curiosity’: The Lettres Édifiantes (1702-1773) as Testimony of the Role of Medicine in the ‘Adaptation Policy’ of the French Jesuit Mission in China). In: Ricardo CAMPOS, Luis E. MONTIEL and Rafael HUERTAS (eds.). Medicina, ideología e historia en España (siglos XVI-XXI) (Medicine, Ideology and History in Spain (16th-21st centuries). Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, pp. 399-411. ISBN: 978-84-00-08603-9.

2007 “¿Quinquina o 金吉那 Jinjina? La misión jesuita francesa entre la estrategia, la fe y la medicina” (Quinina or Jinjina? The French Jesuit Mission between Faith, Science and Strategy). In: Pedro SAN GINÉS AGUILAR(ed.). Proceedings of the First National Conference of Spanish Researchers in Asia-Pacific, Granada, September 19-20, 2006. Granada: Editorial Universidad de Granada, pp. 993-1006. ISBN: 978-84-338-4589-4

2007 With Luis E. MONTIEL. “La medicina de la mente en el período moderno” (“Mind´s Medicine” in the Modern Age). In: Francisco LÓPEZ MUÑOZ and Cecilio ÁLAMO (eds.). Historia de la psicofarmacología, vol. I (History of Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. I). Buenos Aires, Bogotá, Caracas, Madrid, México, Sao Paulo: Ed. Panamericana, pp. 63-85. Bilingual edition in Spanish and English. ISBN: 978-84-7903-455-9 (v. I)

2006 Two book chapters: 1) “Tesoros ‘sin nombre’: La flora medicinal china en la Expedición Filantrópica de Balmis” (“Unnamed” Treasures: Chinese Medical Botany in the Balmis Philanthropic Expedition”) and 2) “Catalogación de la colección de dibujos chinos de la Colección Balmis del Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid” (Catalogue of the Chinese Drawings of the Balmis Colection at the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid). In Pilar SAN PÍO (ed.). Balmis y el Real Jardin Botanico: El retorno ilustrado del viaje a Oriente de la Expedición Filantrópica de la Vacuna (Balmis and the Royal Botanical Garden:The Enlightened Return of the Travel to the East of the Vaccine Philanthropic Expedition). Madrid: Editorial Lunwerg, Caja Madrid (Obra Social) and the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid (CSIC), pp. 87-241. Bilingual edition in Spanish and English. ISBN: 84-9785-313-X

2005 “Traducción de la terminología médica China (Chino-pinyin-significado)” (Translation of Chinese Medical Terminology: Chinese-pinyin-meaning). In: Totty NAVERÁN (ed.). Los naufragios del alma: La medicina tradicional china para el tratamiento de la enfermedad mental (Soul Wrecks: Traditional Chinese Medicine for the Treatment of Mental Disease). Barcelona: Miraguano Ediciones, pp. 301-310. ISBN: 978-84-7813-292-8

2004 Review: “Harbin, August 4-8, 2004: X International Conference on History of Science in China – Multiaspect Studies on History of Science, Technology and Medicine in China.” Conecta: Bulletin of News in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (www.dsp.umh.es/conecta), 13.

2003 “Dolencia cardiaca en la antigua medicina China” (Heart Disease in Ancient Chinese Medicine). In: Isabel PORRAS (ed.). El sistema cardiovascular a través de la historia (Cardiology throughout History). Barcelona: MRA Ediciones S. L., pp. 25-31. ISBN: 8488865848

Book Manuscript 

The Naked Emperor: Jesuit Archiaters in the Service of the Kangxi Court (1662-1722).Book manuscript ca. 600 pages to be submitted in 2018 to Chicago University Press.

A Map of Melancholy in China: The Networks that Chocolate Created. Book manuscript ca. 300 pages to be submitted in 2019 to Cambridge University Press.

Online Publications

2017, September “Life is a Dream: A Typhoon Went Through,”
Newsletter of the Sub-Committee on Education and Research, UNESCO Memory of the World Programme.

LINK

2017, May “A Promenade through the Wonder Rooms of History,” Newsletter of the Sub-Committee on Education and Research, UNESCO Memory of the World Programme.

2016-2017 Collaboration with Sinologists and Manchurists in the project “The ‘Old Cathayan’: A Critical and Annotated Translation of the Manchu Version of the Nogeoldae (Lao qida 老乞大; 18th Century),” published on the Manc.hu website.

Work in Preparation

2017 (To be submitted) 白雅诗:《巧克力在中国:不同文化史交织在不完美连接的世界》, to be submitted to Tōyō gakuhō東洋学報 (Journal of Oriental Studies)in Japan. Chinese version of: “Chocolate in China: Interweaving Cultural Histories of an Imperfectly Connected World,” Harold J. COOK (ed.). Globalizing Chinese Medicine in the 17th Century: ‘Translation’ at Work. To be published in the book series of the Society for the Social History of Medicine with David Cantor as editor-in-chief. Translated by Dr. Cao Jin 曹晋,Academic Director of the European Centre for Chinese Studies at Peking University (ECCS).

2017 (To be submitted) Western Medical Practitioners at the “Court on Horseback”: New Insights into Imperial Touring during Early Qing China. Article to be submitted in 2018 to the Journal Frontiers of History in China (Brill Academic Publishers).

2017 (To be submitted) Book review already finished and to be submitted in October 2017 to the Journal East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine. Book details: Barefoot Doctors and Western Medicine in Chinaby Xiaoping Fang (Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2015).

2017 (To be submitted) Book review in preparation and to be submitted in November 2017 to the Journal East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine. Book details: The Politics of Chinese Medicine under Mongol Rule by Reiko Shinno (London and New York: Routledge, 2017).

Conference Papers and Other Presentations

Invited Lectures 

2016, “A Map of Melancholy in China: The Networks that Chocolate Created.” Invitation by Prof. Takeda Tokimasa 武田時昌(Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University), introduction by Prof. Ōgata Tōru 大形徹 (Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University), and simultaneous translation into Japanese by Dr. Kubo Teruyuki 久保輝幸 (Wuhan Institute of Technology, School of Foreign Languages, China). Kyoto University, Japan, 2 October 2016.

2014 “Tasting Chocolate at the Kangxi Court: Medicine, Politics, and Global Trade Flows in the Seventeenth Century.” Invited by Professor James Robson, China Humanities Seminar, Harvard University, U.S., 20 October 2014. Lecture introduced by Prof. Mark C. Elliott, Mark Schwartz Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History, Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University.

2014 “Ecce Homo: Medicine and Empire in China under the Rule of the Manchu Kangxi Emperor (r. 1662-1722).” “Jour Fixe” organized by the Zukunftskolleg, University of Constance. Germany, 10 July 2014. This lecture was introduced by Prof. Marta E. Hanson, Assistant Professor in the Department of the History of Medicine at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, U.S.

2007 “Jesuit Medicine in the Palace: An Example of Kangxi’s Patronage of Western Learning.” Laboratoire de philosophie et d’histoire des sciences (SPHERE) CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot. Paris, 13 December 2007.

2007 “The ‘Perfect Mandarin’: A Charity Project during Kangxi’s Reign?” Master in Heritage Studies and History Centre for History and Heritage Studies (CHERISH). Inter-University Institute of Macau, School of Arts, Letters and Sciences. Macau, 12 June 2007.

2007 “F.X. D’Entrecolles’ SJ ‘Chinese Discourse’ to the French Enlightened Audience: The Case of Smallpox Inoculation.” Peking University, Centre for the History of Medicine (China). Peking, March 2007.

2007 “Ancient or Modern Jesuit Medical Ideas in China? F.X. D’Entrecolles’ Insights in the French Controversy on Smallpox Inoculation.” Institute of History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Social Sciences, Peking. Peking, 21 March 2007.

2005 “Rol de la Compañía de Jesús en los intercambios médicos entre Oriente y Occidente durante el periodo de la Ilustración” (Role of Jesuits in the Medical Exchanges between China and Europe during the Enlightenment). Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Hydrology, Complutense University of Madrid (Spain). Madrid, 25 January 2005.

2004 “Salud y enfermedad en China: una perspectiva histórico-médica” (Health and Disease in China: A Historical-medical Point of View). Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Hydrology, Complutense University of Madrid (Spain). Madrid, 19 June 2004.

2011 Discussant on: “Le doute et la certitude:Wang Qingren et Yu Zhengxie et la conception du corps et de l’anatomie dans la Chine du début du XIXe siècle,” by Frédéric Obringer, (CNRS, CECMC). 2nd International Meeting on Individual Itineraries and the Circulation of Scientific and Technical Knowledge in Early Modern China (16th-20th Centuries). CNRS, REHSEIS-UMR 7219 (CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot). Paris, 11-13 May 2011.

2010 “The Limits of Control: Jesuits Drugs under the Patronage of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1662-1722).” Participation in the panel Within Europe and beyond Europe: The Jesuits as Circulators of Science organized by Catherine Jami at the 4th International Conference of the European Society for the History of Science. Barcelona, 18-20 November 2010.

2010 “Network of Power: Imperial Patronage of Jesuit Medicine during the Kangxi Reign.” Workshop Médecine et société: Interactions entre pouvoirs et savoirs. Laboratoire de philosophie et d’histoire des sciences (SPHERE), CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot). Paris, 4 May, 2010.

2009 “Medicine and Religion: Discussion on the Jesuit Medical Activities during the Kangxi Reign (r. 1662-1722).” 1st International Meeting on Individual Itineraries and the Circulation of Scientific and Technical Knowledge in Early Modern China (16th-20th centuries). CNRS, REHSEIS-UMR 7219 (CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot). Paris, 10-11 November 2009.

2009 “Antoine Thomas, SJ Healed by the Kangxi Emperor? A Case Study on the Appropriation of Theriac in the Imperial Court.” Colloque international. De la Belgique a la Chine: Regards croisés à partir d´Antoine Thomas, s.j., scientifique et missionnaire namurois, 1644-1709. Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix, Namur, Departement d´histoire. Namur, November 12-14, 2009.

2009 “Imperial Patronage of Jesuit Medicine in the Palace.” Participation in the panel Missionaries at Leisure, or not? Courtly and Transnational Networks at the Qing Court organized by Nicolas Standaert. AAS Annual Meeting. Chicago, 26-29 March 2009.

2008 “Jesuit Medicine in the Palace: An Example of Kangxi’s Patronage of Western Learning.” Workshop Interaction & Exchange: An International Symposium on Westerners & the Qing Court (1644-1911). Qing History Institute, Renmin University of China, Peking, and the Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History at the University of San Francisco Centre for the Pacific Rim. Peking, 17-19 September, 2008.

2007 “El Emperador Kangxi (1622-1722): ¿Promotor o censor de la medicina jesuita en palacio?” (Emperor Kangxi: Promoter or Censor of Jesuit Medicine in China?). International conference Scientific Exchanges between East Asian Countries and the Mediterranean Regions. Mediterranean European Institute. Barcelona, 27-28 November 2007.

2006 “The ‘Perfect Mandarin’: A Charity Project during Kangxi Reign?” Fourth International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Travel Literature to and from the Americas, Europe, and China from all Centuries, University of Xian and University of Mexico. Xian, 10-15 June 2006.

2006 “François Xavier D´Entrecolles and Chinese Medicine: A Jesuit´s Insights in the European Controversy Surrounding Inoculation.” International Seminar 200 Years of the Reception of the Smallpox Vaccination in China, Inter University Institute of Macao, Macao, 12 January 2006. This paper was also presented in the framework of the same seminar at the University of Guangzhou. Guangzhou, 13 January 2006.

2005 “Territory and Encounter: The Role of Medicine for the Establishment of the Jesuit Mission in China (1582-1773).” Fifth National Conference for Young Scholars in History of Science, Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Sciences. Huangshan, 24-26 October 2005.

2005 “Curiosidad ilustrada: Las Cartas Edificantes (1702-1773) como testimonio del rol de la medicina en la política de adaptación de la misión jesuita francesa en China” (Enlightened Curiosity: The Lettres Édifiantes (1702-1773) as Witness of the Role of Medicine in the Adaptation Policy of the French Jesuit Mission in China). XIII Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Española de Historia de la Medicina: La Historicidad de la Medicina (13th Nacional Congress of the Spanish Society for the History of Medicine: Historiography of Medicine), Unit of History of Medicine, Department of History of Science (Complutense University of Madrid) and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). Madrid, 15-17 September 2005.

2005 “Medicine as a ‘Policy of Adaptation’ per se: The French Jesuit Mission and Medical Pluralism in China through the Lettres Édifiantes et Curieuses (1702-1776).” 11th International Conference on the History of Science in East Asia, Institute for the History of Medicine, Munich University. Munich, 15-20 August 2005.

2005 “Perplexity and Dialogue during Enlightenment: F.X. D´Entrecolles’ S.J. Attentive Gaze to Chinese Practice on Inoculation.” 22th International Congress for the History of Science: Globalization and Diversity: Diffusion of Science and Technology throughout History, Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Sciences, and the Division of History of Science. Peking, 24-30 July 2005.

2004 “Jesuits Fathers and Chinese Medicine for the Development of Spanish Medical Ideas during XVI-XVIII Centuries.” 10th International Conference on History of Science in China: Multiaspects Studies on History of Science, Technology and Medicine in China, Chinese Society of History of Science and Technology, the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Social Sciences, Peking, and the Institute of Technology, Harbin. Harbin, 4-8 August 2004.

Invited Seminars and Workshops

2017 (Forthcoming), “Transculturizing’ Spaces of Learning.” International Symposium, “Education for the Common Good,” co-sponsored by the University of St. Joseph (Macau) and the Macau Ricci Institute, Macau, 23-24 November, 2017.

2016, “The Forum of Macau and UNESCO Memory of the World Programme,” organized by the joint collaboration of Subcommittee of Education and Research, UNESCO Memory of the World Programme and the City University of Macau, Macau 19-22 November, 2016.

2016, “Translating a Chocolate Prescription for the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1662-1722): Two Manchu Palace Memorials in Text and Context.” International Conference Entangled Cultural Histories: Encounters between China and Europe, 1600-1900 organized by Prof. Dong Shaoxin 董少新 (National Institute for Advanced Humanistic Studies, Fudan University) and Thijs Weststeijn (Amsterdam Centre for Cultural Heritage and Identity, University of Amsterdam), funded by the Joint Scientific Thematic Research Programme of The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. Fudan, 7-9 September, 2016.

2016, “The Collation: Interweaving Cultural Histories of Chocolate in Late Imperial China.” International Workshop Historiography on Exchanges across the Asian Maritime World, 1500-1800 organized by Professor George Wei (Department of History, University of Macau). Macau, 29 October 2016.

2016, with Hans Ulrich Vogel, “Translating Renaissance Science, Technology and Medicine to Late Ming China: ‘Useful and Reliable Knowledge’ in the Light of the ‘Great Divergence’.” Academic Annual Conference of Studies on Macau History and Culture: Macao and the World during the Age of Discoveryorganized by Macau History and Culture Research Society and Macau Polytechnic Institute, Chinese Overseas Traffic History Society. Macau Polytechnic Institute, Macau, 21-23 September 2015.

2015, “Panel Discussant: Global-Microhistories in East-West Interactions and Exchanges.” Academic Annual Conference of Studies on Macau History and Culture: Macao and the World during the Age of Discovery, organized by Macau History and Culture Research Society and Macau Polytechnic Institute, Chinese Overseas Traffic History Society. Macau Polytechnic Institute, Macau, 18-21 September 2015.

2014, “God’s Gift for the Son of Heaven: The Unsong Story of Chocolate in Early Qing China.” International Workshop Globalizing Chinese Medicine in the 17th Century: ‘Translation’ at Work organised by Prof. Harold J. Cook. Department of History, Brown University, Providence, U.S., 16-17 October 2014.

2014 “The Vermillion Brush: Medicine and the Consolidation of the Kangxi Emperor´s Authority in the Light of Manchu Source, 1662-1722.” International Workshop History of European Medicalization, 14th Century to Present organized by Prof. Christelle Rabier. École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. Marseille, 26-27 May 2014.

2011 Discussant on:“Le doute et la certitude:Wang Qingren et Yu Zhengxie et la conception du corps et de l’anatomie dans la Chine du début du XIXe siècle,” by Frédéric Obringer, (CNRS, CECMC). 2nd International Meeting on Individual Itineraries and the Circulation of Scientific and Technical Knowledge in Early Modern China (16th-20th Centuries). CNRS, REHSEIS-UMR 7219 (CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot). Paris, 11-13 May 2011.

2010 “The Limits of Control: Jesuits Drugs under the Patronage of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1662-1722).” Participation in the panel Within Europe and beyond Europe: The Jesuits as Circulators of Science organized by Catherine Jami at the 4th International Conference of the European Society for the History of Science. Barcelona, 18-20 November 2010.

2010 “Network of Power: Imperial Patronage of Jesuit Medicine during the Kangxi Reign.” Workshop Médecine et société: Interactions entre pouvoirs et savoirs. Laboratoire de philosophie et d’histoire des sciences (SPHERE), CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot). Paris, 4 May, 2010.

2009 “Medicine and Religion: Discussion on the Jesuit Medical Activities during the Kangxi Reign (r. 1662-1722).” 1st International Meeting on Individual Itineraries and the Circulation of Scientific and Technical Knowledge in Early Modern China (16th-20th centuries). CNRS, REHSEIS-UMR 7219 (CNRS & Université de Paris-Diderot). Paris, 10-11 November 2009.

2009 “Antoine Thomas, SJ Healed by the Kangxi Emperor? A Case Study on the Appropriation of Theriac in the Imperial Court.” Colloque international. De la Belgique a la Chine: Regards croisés à partir d´Antoine Thomas, s.j., scientifique et missionnaire namurois, 1644-1709. Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix, Namur, Departement d´histoire. Namur, November 12-14, 2009.

2009 “Imperial Patronage of Jesuit Medicine in the Palace.” Participation in the panel Missionaries at Leisure, or not? Courtly and Transnational Networks at the Qing Court organized by Nicolas Standaert. AAS Annual Meeting. Chicago, 26-29 March 2009.

2008 “Jesuit Medicine in the Palace: An Example of Kangxi’s Patronage of Western Learning.” Workshop Interaction & Exchange: An International Symposium on Westerners & the Qing Court (1644-1911). Qing History Institute, Renmin University of China, Peking, and the Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History at the University of San Francisco Centre for the Pacific Rim. Peking, 17-19 September, 2008.

2007 “El Emperador Kangxi (1622-1722): ¿Promotor o censor de la medicina jesuita en palacio?” (Emperor Kangxi: Promoter or Censor of Jesuit Medicine in China?). International conference Scientific Exchanges between East Asian Countries and the Mediterranean Regions. Mediterranean European Institute. Barcelona, 27-28 November 2007.

2006 “The ‘Perfect Mandarin’: A Charity Project during Kangxi Reign?” Fourth International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Travel Literature to and from the Americas, Europe, and China from all Centuries, University of Xian and University of Mexico. Xian, 10-15 June 2006.

2006 “François Xavier D´Entrecolles and Chinese Medicine: A Jesuit´s Insights in the European Controversy Surrounding Inoculation.” International Seminar 200 Years of the Reception of the Smallpox Vaccination in China, Inter University Institute of Macao, Macao, 12 January 2006. This paper was also presented in the framework of the same seminar at the University of Guangzhou. Guangzhou, 13 January 2006.

2005 “Territory and Encounter: The Role of Medicine for the Establishment of the Jesuit Mission in China (1582-1773).” Fifth National Conference for Young Scholars in History of Science, Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Sciences. Huangshan, 24-26 October 2005.

2005 “Curiosidad ilustrada: Las Cartas Edificantes (1702-1773) como testimonio del rol de la medicina en la política de adaptación de la misión jesuita francesa en China” (Enlightened Curiosity: The Lettres Édifiantes (1702-1773) as Witness of the Role of Medicine in the Adaptation Policy of the French Jesuit Mission in China). XIII Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Española de Historia de la Medicina: La Historicidad de la Medicina (13th Nacional Congress of the Spanish Society for the History of Medicine: Historiography of Medicine), Unit of History of Medicine, Department of History of Science (Complutense University of Madrid) and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). Madrid, 15-17 September 2005.

2005 “Medicine as a ‘Policy of Adaptation’ per se: The French Jesuit Mission and Medical Pluralism in China through the Lettres Édifiantes et Curieuses (1702-1776).” 11th International Conference on the History of Science in East Asia, Institute for the History of Medicine, Munich University. Munich, 15-20 August 2005.

2005 “Perplexity and Dialogue during Enlightenment: F.X. D´Entrecolles’ S.J. Attentive Gaze to Chinese Practice on Inoculation.” 22th International Congress for the History of Science: Globalization and Diversity: Diffusion of Science and Technology throughout History, Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Sciences, and the Division of History of Science. Peking, 24-30 July 2005.

2004 “Jesuits Fathers and Chinese Medicine for the Development of Spanish Medical Ideas during XVI-XVIII Centuries.” 10th International Conference on History of Science in China: Multiaspects Studies on History of Science, Technology and Medicine in China, Chinese Society of History of Science and Technology, the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Academy of Social Sciences, Peking, and the Institute of Technology, Harbin. Harbin, 4-8 August 2004.

Organization of Conferences, Workshops and Exhibitions

2017-Present, Coordinator and designer of “The Galleries: Sources, Voices, Histories.” This permanent exhibition in the hallway of the Department of History of the University of Macau has been inspired by the Renaissance concept of “Kunstkammern” (cabinets of curiosities or wonder rooms). While stressing the importance and value of the great variety of primary sources available for historical research, the Galleriescombine scholarly activities with esthetic dimensions and build a bridge between the student community and academics. The whole project is the result of fifteen months of corporate work during which Dr. Puente-Ballesteros had both the challenge and the pleasure to coordinate the efforts of over hundred collaborators including department members, administrative staff, undergraduate, graduate, master and PhD history students, colleagues from other UMAC faculties, external advisors from Chinese, European and American universities, librarians, archivists, clerks, as well as designers, artists and craftsmen. “The Galleries: Sources, Voices, Histories” is honored to be a collaborative project with the Sub-Committee of Education and Research(SCEaR), UNESCO Memory of the World Programme(MoW).

***Dr. Puente-Ballesteros will use the Galleries to build a bridge between FSS and UMAC on the one hand and schools in Macau on the other, thus creating a network of didactic institutions linked to initiatives already encouraged by SCEaR, UNESCO MoW. This is based on the firm conviction that awareness of Cultural Heritage starts from education in schools and universities, not to mention in a city like Macau, a living museum honored since 2005 as UNESCO World Heritage Centre.

2017-Present, “History Students’ Space.” Within the framework of the “The Galleries: Sources, Voices, Histories,” this initiative coordinated on an annual basis by Dr. Puente-Ballesteros aims at encouraging history students to introduce their own historical sources and therefore to participate in the reconstruction of historical memories. This year Ms. Deng Yingxin 鄧穎欣and Ms. Xue Hui薛惠, two of our excellent Master students, arranged an inspiring panel entitled “Beautiful Adverts: Cigarettes, Drugs and Wines” in which they showcase and explain original Chinese advertisements from the 1950s and 1960s, while on the same time reflecting on the role played by consumerism culture in the construction of modernity in China.

2005, Member of the Organization Committee of the XXII International Congress for History of Science and Technology: “Globalization and Diversity, Diffusion of Science and Technology throughout History,” held in Peking, 24-30 July 2005.

2005, Scientific support during the Assembly of the Division of History of Science of the European Science Foundation, held in Peking, 24-30 July 2005.

2005, Member of the Organization Committee of the the XIII National Congress of the Spanish Society for the History of Medicine, held in Madrid, 15-17 September 2005.

2005, Co-leader of the art exhibition “Poesía Tang: Los Paisajes del Alma” (Tang Poetry: The Landscape of Soul), held during the XIII National Congress of the Spanish Society for the History of Medicine, Madrid, 15-17 September 2005.